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Sunday, November 14, 2010

Debating ‘Red’ and ‘Green’ politics – Have your Say



This week at ‘Left Focus’ I’m posting excerpts from discussions I’ve had recently at Facebook. In particular I’ve been talking about electoral competition between the Greens and the ALP (Australian Labor Party) – including the state of Victoria – where an election is due later this month.

What I’m hoping is that this week’s post spurs some real debate here at Left Focus: about the state of Australian politics, and broader issues regarding Green parties, and parties of the traditional Left. These dynamics are now of truly international dimensions. So please have your say!


Compiled and largely-written by Tristan Ewins


The ALP and the Politics of Class

Carlo Carli – the retiring Member for Brunswick (in Victoria) - was promoting the blog post linked to below as part of a debate over whether or not the Greens in Australia were ‘Left’, and what difference (if any) there is between ‘progressive’ and ‘Left’ politics: http://jewellofanstey.wordpress.com/2010/11/09/progressive-v-left-wing/

I responded to Carlo with an analysis of the decline of class politics within the ALP; the thrust of my arguments being that with the abandonment of class politics as a point of reference, the ALP stands to alienate significant areas of its traditional support base.

"Carlo - I'm also worried about the decline of class as a 'point of reference' on today's Left. And many of our own people have been complicit in this; There are arguments like "post-industrialism means the end of class"; or there is a stigma against class struggle which in some ways we contributed to with our emphasis on 'conciliation' in the 80s. But if we REALLY want to reclaim the mantle of class politics, and for the ALP to revivify its ties with the broader labour movement [and working class] - we have to deliver the goods; And class politics needs again to become a day-to-day part of our rhetoric and discourse. What practically then? Well at a Federal level - what about bringing forward the dissolution of the ABCC? (nb: this stands for ‘Australian Building and Construction Commission – a special body set up by the former Conservative Australian government which acts as an ‘industrial star chamber’, and which can send workers to jail for failing to inform on their mates)


What about allowing pattern bargaining? And what about observing our original promise that no-one would be worse off under Award modernisation? Finally: What about restructuring tax to help those on low incomes; but also give a fairer deal to average workers? (and by this I don't mean people on $80,000/year and more....) If we want to take this line of promoting our 'red' politics as against 'green' politics - we need to deliver the goods - and rebuild our credibility."

Federal Left ALP MP and former Secretary of the ACTU (Australian Council of Trade Unions), Greg Combet, was also trying this week to re-emphasise a sense of Left/ALP values in response to a growing sentiment that today’s ALP ‘doesn’t know what it stands for’.

Combet’s contribution can be found here:

See: http://alp.org.au/blogs/alp-blog/november-2010/labor-values/


There was a lot of criticism from the radical/militant Left in response to Greg. I responded with an analysis of the potential synergy I believe could be set in motion between the Greens and ALP.

"Labor's record in government has to be held up to scrutiny, but at the same time I think Greg's trying to promote a narrative and identity for the ALP to encourage a return to Left values across the whole party. Without such a return Labor will continue to leak voter support the Greens - and there are some who are only now waking up to the fact that this is reaching critical proportions. My feeling is that there needs be a synergy between the ALP and the Greens in producing outcomes for social justice. An electoral threat to Labor from the Left could drive it to the Left on policy. These pressures will remain only so long as the Greens remain a threat to Labor; but at the same time the pragmatists in Labor need to see gains from a move to the Left. It's a delicate balance: but I hope these forces combine to promote real and ongoing progress."

In this same Facebook thread focusing on the Greens and the ALP Fernando Rodriguez Magallan wrote in response to Socialist Alliance activist Terry Townsend. Magallan’s position appeared to be an ALP/Centrist position which I am critical of; but I think it’s appropriate to reproduce some excerpts to put my response in context:

"There seems to be this overly-optimistic perception that [an alliance between the ALP and Greens] would bring about more social progressiveness - swinging Labor back towards the Left and give the Greens an all-time-first nudge towards Centre, whereby the two would meet somewhere along the way and exchange and embrace ideologies and miraculously create a modern, moderate, Centre-Left party however the reality would be far from this.

…The main problem I believe would be the Greens lack of patience for sustainable transition and that they are detrimental to many of the working class….The Reds…join a party that can make a bit of noise every so often enough to be noticed but not enough to ever win in the political realm…

Does the ALP need a refresh? Why of course. Should it be criticised for its failures? By all means, but there should equally be credit given, where and when credit is due. By this I mean there should no longer be a monopoly of media in Australia that always paints the glass-half-empty picture when it comes to the ALP's policies… The far Left, play right into the hands of the conservative moguls… Because of this, [they] end up (perhaps inadvertedly) batting for the other team - I guess this is why they say that in politics both extremes the furthest possible away from each other will eventually meet.

In the end - I am convinced more and more each day when seeing what the clowns at either end of the political spectrum have to offer - that Labor, the Third Way, is the only way forward. (nb: Readers might like to debate this issue of the ‘Third Way’ as well)"

I responded Magallan as follows:

"Fernando - there's some truth in what you say; which is why I've written elsewhere that the Greens should give 'reasonably conditional' support for Labor. (ie: compromising enough to hold together an electoral coalition which can maintain power)

(Comment: for me this is part of the politics of ‘alliance building’; building what Gramsci would call a ‘counter-hegemonic historic bloc’; or in the context of parliamentary politics – ‘an electoral bloc’. This refers to the kind of synergy I was talking about before; but with an understanding by all parties that they need to ‘pitch their message’ in a way which makes overall success possible…)

But just recently there are issues where I think we've failed and could have done better. For example: Failure to ensure no worker be worse off under 'modernised' Awards; Failure to debate a rising cost of living (housing, water, energy), and to sufficiently reform tax and welfare in response; Failure to address the housing bubble legacy and make housing affordable - especially for those on low incomes; Failure to build sufficient infrastructure in the context of urban sprawl.

I could go on - and I'll give one more example: Aged Care - which is supposedly a 'second term issue' - but I've heard nothing, and we have the most vulnerable people of all living in conditions of neglect and indignity - An ageing population means tax MUST rise to provide adequate Aged Care, broader Health care, welfare - But there's not even a DEBATE.... So where is all this leading in 10 years time???...

BTW - there's nothing wrong with being 'a bit red' - and I maintain my earlier statements re: possible 'ALP/Green synergy'. But look at it this way: Someone has to appeal to the relative centre to construct a majority; But we should always be trying to shift that relative centre towards social justice; And the Greens at least can make more radical arguments which we cannot because of this play of electoral forces; The Greens need us, and it seems we need them - But I think it's good at least that more radical arguments be heard; that's in the interests of a Labor social justice agenda over the long term..."

Doug Cameron speaks up in favour of open debate in the Labor Party:

Finally, ALP Senator, Doug Cameron has recently (ie: late last month – October) intervened on the question of whether the ALP is seen to stand for anything; and how too-much discipline in ‘towing the party line’ could actually be detrimental. Cameron was speaking on Radio National in the program ‘The World Today’.

See: http://www.abc.net.au/worldtoday/content/2010/s3047219.htm

The following are excerpts:

“There are issues that certainly for a progressive party there should be more debate about and not just be stifled and we need to reach out to progressive people in the community and have a strong voice on progressive issues…”

“…I still don't think it is sufficient just to have behind-closed-doors debates on key issues…. I've always taken the view that difference of opinion is not a weakness, it's a strength and I think that has been lost in the party….”

“we've helped establish [a] culture…where no one speaks out…[Then] if someone does speak out, it becomes this great disastrous split in the party and I don't think that is good for democracy in this country. I don't think it is good for the Labor Party and we really need to address this.”

“[Progressive voices] are stifled in the caucus, they are stifled in the public and so people see the Labor Party having no values and no vision on a whole range of issues and I think that must change.”

Please discuss these issues!

Firstly: International readers please feel welcome to raise your own national contexts as they relate to the issues raised here!;

The point of this week’s post at Left Focus is to spur productive discussion of the issues raised! Assuming your position is ‘broadly left’ - your opinions on the ALP and the Greens – whether at a national level – or with reference to the coming Victorian election – are welcome here! PLS feel welcome to respond to the specific issues I raise here to: ‘Labor/Greens synergy’, and also ‘alliance building’ in the ‘counter-hegemonic/cultural’ sense, as well as that of forming an ‘electoral bloc’. Also: What are the situations in other countries? (eg: Sweden, Germany , Italy etc)

Your opinions are also welcome on the issue of the decline of class politics in the ALP, and also more broadly. (again: also internationally) What should the response of the Left be? What positions should the ALP and Greens take? Can class politics be revivified?

Finally: What about Doug Cameron’s comments? Should there be more freedom in the ALP for Left MPs to speak out? And if so – what should they be saying? And what about the position of the Left in the ALP more broadly?

Looking forward to your comments!

AND BEFORE YOU GO!!: If you enjoyed this article PLS join our Facebook group - to link up with other readers, and to receive regular updates on new material.
see: http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=58243419565

5 comments:

  1. Over 200 hits already today but no comments... - If you're sympathetic and have an opinion it would be good to hear from you. (ie: pls comment) :-)

    ReplyDelete
  2. PART ONE

    This is a long and rambling piece but I wanted to put my 2c worth in. I don’t intend this to be nuanced but to broaden the focus a little.
    The ALP and Politics of Class – reads to me like some of the right-wing Labourites in my region (Central QLD). As if the Greens are somehow responsible for the decline of class politics because they are anti working class. Like all stories there’s a grain of truth in them but really the decline of class is the outcome of several factors.

    The end of the old working class suburbs meant the end of forms of social solidarity on which traditional discourses about class made sense – that’s not the Greens fault (even if the inner-city is their stronghold). The Greens, drawing on the broader environment movement, maintained an anti neoliberal stance which was (and maybe still is) the real social division around which politics is organised – those who opposed neoliberalism and those that did not.

    While the Greens did this the ALP introduced economic rationalism via the Accord – not only in the interests of managing capital better but also undermining years of shopfloor networks which were the basis of effective resistance. This led to an exodus of ALP members, mostly into inactivity, and a decline in unionism generally, furthered by things like the deregisteration of the BLF, who were the high point of working class environmentalism.

    This completed a process which had been going on for decades of the professionalisation of political parties – most evident in ALP ranks who after all claim to represent workers moreso than the other mob. Combet’s call for a return to traditional labour values (putting my cynicism aside for a second) begs the question about how the Party had lost them (and who exactly – my partner is an old style ALP left rank and filer motivated equity, social justice and compassion – she doesn’t need to return tho those values – and sees no way that the rank and file in the ALP can make that happen. I think Combet sees the ALP as bleeding votes to the Left and seeking to rally the Rank and File to one more round of handing out on election day and passing meaningless motions at meetings, in other words treating the rank and file in the same way that the bosses do. I see there’s yet another internal inquiry which will be ignored as surely as any series of ‘consultations’ that we are subject to that doesn’t give the results that we are looking for. It’s all the fault of those leaks remember.

    The right and left in the ALP don’t represent principled differences over policy but a mechanism for distributing the available spoils. I don’t expect they will move to the Left (except verbally of course) as long as Greens preference the ALP (and they should) then the ALP can count on them to re-funnel preferences back in.

    All these things are both cause and effect of the decline of social movements and especially of unionism. The Greens reflect some of this of course but the idea that the Greens don’t care about low paid cleaners and Labourites do when the latter have the ability to actually do something about it – institutionally that the Greens do not is a cheap shot. In my part of the world – coal country – the stereotype of the worker as anti-environment is very clear (and largely unskilled blue collar workers earn double my academic salary).

    It is not my intention to attack the ALP – the Greens aren’t perfect either but at their best they are ‘old labour plus trees’ and present the possibility of an alternative to unfettered capitalism and neoliberalism. They lack strong links to the unions – though these are getting better – and it’s not clear how a sustainable transition might work. In my part of the world the CFMEU has to protect its members in coal mining who are earning $150000 a year in an industry that is not sustainable and that is having global impacts.

    ....PART 2

    ReplyDelete
  3. Obviously taking their cue from the Greens Bans and BLF might be a good start (but it will be the unions that stand in the way as much as yuppie Greens) and more generally a conception of the ‘environment’ based the fact that humans live and work in cities – in which occupational health and safety was front and centre might be a good place to start thinking about what a working class environmentalism looks like.
    Finally there was the obscure disaster of the collapse of the USSR, with neoliberal ideas in the ascendant the collapse was used to try and finally nail the coffin shut on the whole idea that there could be(or should be) any alternative to markets. With the ALP bleeding votes to the Greens (who I would call Left) the rather arcane response of the media this week has been to label the Greens ‘ecological marxists’. If only. The question here is the old one about the role of the state. It’s not like the ALP, even if it wins the most votes, or the Greens, whose electoral performance is improving as people seek for an alternative, are able to ‘represent’ the views of the majority of Australians, even if they wanted too since the interest of big business, as articulated via the media, are part of the ideological ‘commonsense’ of government. ... PART 2
    Where do we start? First up the decline of class politics is the decline of class identities and of a left politics organised around the notion, a use of the discourse of class as an organising method. I’m not sure we can recover it in that form. On the other hand what hasn’t changed in terms of class is the fact that the other side is winning – there has been a massive distribution of wealth upwards, of longer hours and falling real pay, increasing rates of debt etc. In the recent crisis there was a classic ‘privatisation of the profits (in a rising market) and ‘socialisation of the losses’-after the crash. It seems to me that we need a new discourse about the social surplus – about who produces it and where it goes – about the fact taxpayers money was used to bail out banks and now “we” are going to have to pay it back, about the fact that a budget surplus is our money they haven’t spent, about how we should have some say in how that comes about. I like the idea of the commons very much too and, in similar vein, think that our cause might be advanced if more people thought of natural resources as belonging to the people(not to coal companies) who need to ensure that the limited asset is well spent before it runs out.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Labor has moved so centralist that it is really just anti liberal rather than having it's own identity. The Greens seem to be just a radical communist nutjob party who pretend to be about the environment but are really about crushing family values, morality and promoting marxist ideals at the expence of the Australian way.

    ReplyDelete
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