The Swan Budget of 2009 is a mixed bag: including some welcome measures: and some certainly unwelcome. Now is the right time to look at the Budget more closely – and your comments at ‘Left Focus’ are also welcome.
To begin with, Treasury estimates the Federal Budget will remain in deficit until 2016. Furthermore, the 2009 Federal Budget deficit has come in at $56.7 billion. http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/business/story/0,28124,25470703-643,00.html
Swan, however, has been eager to place these figures in the context of a global recession of proportions unseen since the Great Depression over 75 years ago.
The government has rightly argued that a strategy of austerity would simply feed into a vicious recessionary spiral.
That being the case, the short term stimulatory measures – cash payments from late 2008 to early 2009 – provided relative economic buoyancy while infrastructure measures were being 'brought into reality’.
According to the 2009 Budget statement, the government is now poised to invest $22 billion in infrastructure projects – including ports, roads and rail. http://www.smartcompany.com.au/construction-and-engineering/20090512-22-billion-for-infrastructure-in-budget.html
Further investment is to include $5.3 billion for Tertiary research and innovation. http://news.theage.com.au/breaking-news-national/universities-thrilled-with-budget-boost-20090512-b1rs.html
Meanwhile, rollout of ‘Fibre-to-the-Home’ broadband is set to gather pace this year. If anything, the schedule could be more ambitious.
Now is certainly the time to take action. Some of these initiatives will benefit the nation for decades to come.
But there are those who argue Labor’s stimulatory measures do not go far enough.
Ken Davidson, writing for ‘The Age’, argues that this is a “deflationary Budget”.
While Swan’s rhetoric in support of stimulus ‘makes the grade’, and there is genuine stimulus, the predicted 8.5% unemployment rate is still unacceptable – especially while the unemployed suffer austerity.
Davidson predicts that,
“The economy needs to grow by 3 to 3.5 per cent a year in order to stabilise unemployment at the present level of just over 6 per cent.”
Drawing on the budget papers, the veteran economic commentator further estimates that:
“ net debt will move…to a deficit of $54 billion in 2009-10 and $188 billion in 2012” – but under such circumstances “interest on the debt will be only 0.6 per cent of GDP.” http://business.theage.com.au/business/spending-tap-is-turned-too-low-20090512-b21v.html
Under such circumstances – and with hundreds of thousands of jobs at stake - there is definitely room for further measures. Such stimulus ought involve extra strategic expenditure on infrastructure - as part of a plan for future prosperity. The key is to pick projects of real and lasting economic and social value.
Bob Brown, speaking on behalf of the Australian Greens, condemned Labor policy, arguing that: “ A single coal project in the
Certainly here would be a good place to start in ramping out research, development and construction of renewable energy projects. Such initiatives could include more ambitious targets for micro-renewable energy.
Further - The National Broadband Network could be prioritised as a fully-public project: fast-tracking construction, and avoiding the long-term pitfalls of private monopoly, inaccessibility for the disadvantaged, and profit-gouging.
And Karen Churchill – commenting at the Crikey! website - argued that low income people have to wait up to six years for public housing and two or three for “crisis” housing.” http://www.crikey.com.au/2009/05/13/eva-cox-2009-budget-is-oversold-and-unfair/
Strong investment in public housing, here, could also produce a long-term correction to Costello’s disastrous ‘housing bubble’ – which placed home ownership and even rental affordability - out of the reach of so many Australians.
Pension reform – for the most vulenrable
On the ‘pensions front’ there is relatively good news for some.
For Disability, Carers and Aged Pensions, payments will be
“pegged to CPI with a new pensioner cost of living index or 27.7 per cent of male average weekly earnings” (MATWE), “whichever is the highest.” http://www.news.com.au/heraldsun/story/0,21985,25470871-662,00.html
Peremenant Carers will also receive “an [additional]...supplement of $600 a year” with “an extra $600 a year for carer allowance recipients for each person in their care.” http://business.smh.com.au/business/federal-budget/budget-winners-and-losers-20090512-b1ql.html
These figures mark a genuine improvement – comprising a lift in the formula for determining pensions. Previously, for instance, the Single Aged Pension was locked in at 25% of MATWE.
The increase of $10.14 a week for Aged Pension couples, however, was probably at least $5/week too little, given the combined cost of living for these people.
Also on the bad side: there are many groups who have had their needs ignored for the sake of ‘meeting the budget bottom line’.
Sating the prejudices of some of the more cynical layers of the community might also be a factor in this equation.
To be specific, the Budget provided nothing for sole parents and the unemployed.
Eva Cox has condemned this move to exclude “less marketable” groups, and to forego more muscular measures aimed to redistribute wealth between the genuinely privileged, and those struggling on lower incomes.
The ever-multiplying ranks of jobseekers, here, are expected to survive on $454/fortnight: with a “a $147 per week gap between the these and the top income support payments.” http://www.acoss.org.au/News.aspx?displayID=99&articleID=5893
To compare: the full Single Aged Pension, in contrast, will rise to $673.36 per fortnight. http://www.superguide.com.au/2009/05/32-per-week-increase-in-single-age-pension/
And while the $32.50/week is a welcome improvement, Charmaine Crowe - the Policy-Coordinator of the Combined Pensioners and Superannuants Association (CPSA) - has suggested that the most vulnerable “will be under-whelmed.”
She argues that:
“The 1.5 million pensioners on the maximum rate of the pension are, and always have been, the group desperate for a boost.” http://www.cpsa.org.au/MAIN/srelease.php?id=114
In summary, the Budget fell short of this writer’s aim of a formula of 30% Male Average Total Weekly Earnings (MATWE) base rate for all pensions – including ‘Newstart’ (ie: unemployment) benefits.
This could provide a realistic goal around which interested groups could mobilise for the future – although even 30% MATWE is itself a compromise. (the Council on the Ageing had previously argued for a rate of 35% MATWE.)
Further, the Combined Pensioners and Superannuants Association’s plea for a supplement of $80/week deserves greater attention. This would now need to be adjusted to comprise a supplement of an additional $45/week for the most vulnerable: those subsisting on full pensions without other supplementary income,
These figures will need to be adjusted as lobby groups begin to reorganise and reorient towards the Budget for 2010.
This writer, however, is hoping that there may be some ‘last minute’ surprises.
While unlikely, it is not beyond the possible that the Greens and independent Senators may ‘do a deal’ which could see parity in base pension rates: bringing Newstart in line with other pensions.
While the Parenting Payment for sole parents could be reformed so as to be paid until the youngest child reaches the age of 16; so too could there be an additional ‘stimulatory’ supplement for the most vulnerable – as suggested by Charmaine Crowe.
The question, here, is just what kind of ‘deal’ the Greens and independent Senators could do to secure such reform, and ensure Labor’s support. Certainly, Labor could do with a ‘smooth path’ for its legislation for the remainder of its first term.
Yes - Labor should have provided for the most vulnerable without it coming to a 'last minute deal' - but for the unemployed especially - their needs are desperate. Those with leverage need do whatever they can...
For the vulnerable – and the forgotten – let us hope the ‘last word’ has not been heard on the issue of pension justice.
by Tristan Ewins - May 2009
by Tristan Ewins - May 2009